e-ISSN 1694-2078
p-ISSN 1694-2086

Arch Med Biomed Res. 2016;3:17-23. doi:10.4314/ambr.v3i1.3

Smriti Agnihotri1, Okezie I Aruoma2, Arun K Agnihotri1

Author Affiliations

1SSR Medical College, Belle Rive, Mauritius
2School of Pharmacy and Biomedical Sciences, University of Long Beach, Long Beach, USA

correspondence to
Smriti Agnihotri: smritiayushi@yahoo.co.in
Okezie I Aruoma: okezie.aruoma@uolb.org

Received: March 08, 2016
Accepted: March 11, 2016


According to the World Health Organization, governments have expressed interest in the rise in the numbers of caesarean section births and the potential negative consequences for maternal and infant health. If conducted when medically justified, a caesarean section can effectively prevent maternal and perinatal mortality and morbidity. However, there is no evidence showing the benefits of caesarean delivery for women or infants who do not require the procedure. As with any surgical intervention, caesarean sections are associated with short and long-term risk, which can extend many years beyond the current delivery and affect the health of the woman, her child, and future pregnancies. These risks are higher in women with limited access to comprehensive obstetric care. Unequivocally, the potential risks are higher in women with limited access to comprehensive obstetric care, hence the global health concern.

KEY WORDS: Caesarean section; Infant morbidity and mortality; Maternal morbidity and mortality; Global trends


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